The articulation between persistence and change is relevant to a great number of different disciplines. It is particularly central to the study of urban and rural forms in many different fields of research, in geography, archaeology, architecture and history. Resilience puts forward the idea that we can no longer be truly satisfied with the common approaches used to study the dynamics of landscapes, such as the palimpsest approach, the regressive method and the semiological analysis amongst others, because they are based on the separation between the past and the present, which itself stems from the differentiation between nature and society.
This book combines spatio-temporalities, as described in archeogeography, with concepts that have been developed in the field of ecological resilience, such as panarchy and the adaptive cycle. Thus revived, the morphological analysis in this work considers landscapes as complex resilient adaptive systems.
The permanence observed in landscapes is no longer presented as the endurance of inherited forms, but as the result of a dynamic that is fed by this constant dialogue between persistence and change. Thus, resilience is here decisively on the side of dynamics rather than that of resistance.
Part 1. Landscape: Continuity and Transformation
1. Landscape: The Resistance of the Past?
2. Landscape: A Past… Surpassed?
3. Landscape: The Articulation of Past, Present and Future.
Part 2. Resilience: A Tool for Understanding the Dialectics of Persistence and Change
4. Ecological Resilience as a Systemic Property of Social-ecological Systems.
5. Resilience and Spatial Systems.
6. The Conceptual Framework of Ecological Resilience: A Long-term Approach.
Part 3. Synthesis: Landscape as a Resilient Social-ecological System
7. Landscape: An Integrated System of Societies and Environments.
8. Landscape as a Complex Adaptive System.
Sandrine Robert is an archeogeographer, an Associate Professor at EHESS, a member of Géographie-cités (France) and she has defended her professorial thesis. Her work focuses on the long-term dynamics of landscapes and she is the founder and chair of the Landscape Commission of the UISPP.