Scientific programs

PARIS team

Land conversion for urban uses in the global south

Dates: 2020 - 2021

This collective research focuses on the modalities of land use conversion in the Global South in relation to urbanization. The aim is, on the one hand, to identify and classify the conversion processes, the exits from agricultural use or the entry into the urban market on a macro scale and, on the other hand, to document the modalities of action and their effects on the basis of specific case studies.

DiffusEsperanto – Documenting the multilingual dissemination of a universalist project at the end of the 19th century: the digitization of the early writings of the Esperanto movement (1887-1892)

Dates: 2020 - 2021

As soon as Esperanto appeared in 1887, its promoters developed a multilingual propaganda to popularize this "international language". The project is to digitize the booklets published in several "natural languages" between 1887 and 1892 to promote Esperanto, documents scattered in European and Israeli libraries, and thus constitute a corpus for the analysis of the early diffusion of the Esperanto idea.

A sky still divided? Germany’s East and West, thirty years after reunification

Dates: 2020 - 2021

The project questions the observable differences between East and West German societies 30 years after reunification. It is based on ethnographic surveys conducted by Franco-German teams, returning to the thesis work of two anthro-pologists who had studied in the 1990s villages located in direct proximity to the former Iron Curtain.

MobiTIC

Dates: 2020 - 2024

MobiTIC is a collaborative research program that gathers public research institutions (CNRS, IFSTTAR), the national statistics bureau (INSEE) and the main mobile network operator in France (Orange). We aim to develop a reproductible methodology to produce representative indicators of people presence and mobility, frequently updated and at very fine spatial and temporal scales.

Cartography of the exile in the Stalinist USSR

Dates: 2020 - 2021

The project is working on a cartographic representation of deportation trajectories and "special colonies" where, during the time of the USSR, entire population groups (about 6 million people) were relegated. A feasibility study is being carried out here for three control territories with a view to a generalisable approach for the whole of the USSR.

RECORDS

Dates: 2020 - 2024

Through this project we aim to better understand the diversity of individuals musical taste, listening practices and effective music consumptions on streaming platforms. We develop indicators measuring the effects of recommendation (human and machine) on the listening history of users. To fulfill these objectives we combine traditional survey methods with big data analysis. The program is based upon a partnership between social scientists, computer scientists and one of the major music streaming platforms in France.

ANR-DFG Imageun – In the Mirror of the European Neighbourhood (Policy). Mapping Macro-Regional Imaginations (2020-2024)

Dates: 2020 - 2024

The aim of this Franco-German research project is to analyse the specifically geographical dimension of the imaginaries that animate regional integration in this part of the world, by crossing the analysis of textual and iconographic corpuses, in order to identify and study the regions of the world to which the populations of five countries occupying different situations in the region feel they belong: Germany and France, Turkey, Tunisia and the United Kingdom.

Governing Diverse Cities in Europe and Asia

Dates: 2019 - 2021

Cities in Europe and Asia have become the focal points of changing migration patterns. This context has challenged pre-existing models of management of urban diversity. In parallel, the rise of nationalist rhetoric feed the implementation of a number of exclusionary measures. This comparative projects contemplates the city as a key site to on emerging models of diversity governance.

MOREHOUSE (Modeling hOusing maRkets dynamics thanks to Emerging and HeterOgeneoUs data SourcEs)

Dates: 2019 - 2021

In this exploratory program in partnership with IFISC (Palma, ES) we uncover the structure of real estate agent networks that can be identified from ad data posted on platforms (SeLoger, LeBonCoin, Idealista, FotoCasa). The data are represented using bipartite networks linking agents and ads. The methods used are those of spatial networks science and community detection in ecological networks.

PaMIzMex When migrants in transit produce the city. Crossed views between Paris, Milan, Izmir and Mexico City

Dates: 2019 - 2021

To specify the power relationships at work in the deployment of migrant spatialities. To characterize the forms of presence/visibility of migrants in transit in the city in a relational approach to public spaces. Study the daily interactions with other urban actors, inhabitants, tourists, institutional actors. Overcoming dualisms by articulating the times of mobility and anchorage.

CybergeoNet

Dates: 2020 - 2021

Starting from the specialized vocabulary of geography, the project aims to develop a protocol adaptable to other disciplines in the humanities and social sciences. The aim is to systematize experimented actions in terms of translation, to promote the translation of metadata (English, Spanish, Chinese), to develop multilingual indexes that will be shared with other open access journals.

NETCONF “Scientific Networks and Congresses”. Understanding the effect of congresses on the dynamics of scientific networks

Dates: 2019 - 2021

The aim of this project is to characterise the effect that congresses can have on the dynamics of scientific networks and their internationalisation. To improve understanding of the social depth of scientific activity and the role of congresses in the circulation of knowledge and collaboration, NETCONF proposes to compare the case of two congresses in two disciplines: chemistry and political science.

WIsDHoM – Wealth Inequalities and the Dynamics of Housing Market. Interpreting real-estate market-based regime of spatial inequalities

Dates: 2019 - 2022

The project investigates how asset-based welfare policies, residential market volatility, stratified accumulation and vulnerability impinge upon the geography of inequality in property markets. Since the 1990s, housing prices have increased faster than the income of buyers, becoming a driver of social polarisation and household vulnerability. We investigate links bteween socio-spatial inequality, asset capitalisation, instability and vulnerability in residential housing markets.

Com2SiCa research program (Understanding and Simulation of Human Behaviors in areas affected by disasters: from analysis to policy making)

Dates: 2018 - 2021

The Com2SiCa research program (Understanding and Simulation of Human Behaviors in areas affected by disasters: from analysis to policy making) aims to improve understanding and the ability to anticipate individual and collective human be-havior in face of complex threats and disasters of all origins, breaking down traditional disciplinary approaches.

Encyclopedia of Sciences Geography-Demography field

Dates: 2018 - 2025

Conception and writing of about 80 books presenting the knowledge and know-how of geography and demography for students and researchers (master and doctorate level) as well as for the general public. The books will be published in French by ISTE and in English by Wiley.

The world seen from Kazakhstan ; exploration of world representation from an in-between space

Dates: 2018 - 2020

A previous survey (EuroBroadMap, 2009-11) concluded that Central asia was a blind sport in mental representation of world regions. This result could be explained by a methodological bias: the drawn regions are centered on the respondents, yet no survey had been carried out in Central Asia. To answer this question, the survey was replicated in 2018-19 in Kazakhstan.

Mobiliscope – Cities around the clock

Dates: 2017 - 2025

Places are not the same at night and during the day : people move daily and make changes in neighbourhoods densities and their social structures. Mobiliscope is a geovisualization platform to explore how areas and segregation change over a 24 hour period.

H2020 Odycceus (Opinion Dynamics and Cultural Conflict in European Space)

Dates: 2017 - 2020

Oddyceus seeks conceptual breakthroughs in Global Systems Science, including a fine-grained representation of cultural conflicts based on conceptual spaces and text analysis, game theory, and new models of alignment and polarization dynamics. It develops an open modular platform, PENELOPE, that integrates tools, from data scraped from social media and digital sources, to visualisation of the analyses and models.

Land-based commons for housing in the Global South

Dates: 2017 - 2020

To what extent can the “commons” approach contribute to the renewal of housing policies and programs? What is the feedback from the field of collective, cooperative, or commoning housing projects in Global South's cities? Based on the notion of “commons”, this research scrutinizes forms of land tenure that are alternative to private ownership and guarantee land security in precarious neighborhoods.

Metropolises – Crisis and mutations in the Euro-Mediterranean space

Dates: 2017 - 2021

The program, led by the Ecole française of Rome (EFR) in collaboration with the Ecole française of Athens (EFA) and (until 2019) the Casa Velazquez (Madrid), questions the effect of the 2008 subprime crisis and the austerity policies on the Euro-Mediterranean in a trans-scalar perspective, based upon disciplines concerned with territorial issues (geography, planning, sociology, etc.). It is based on scientific meetings, doctoral training workshops, and publications.

RelatHealth- A relational approach to place effects on health in cities

Dates: 2018 - 2021

In RelatHealth project we propose to analyse place effects on health focusing on accessibility to various urban resources, such as health care facilities but also commercial, cultural, transportation and leisure facilities. We aim to reconsider the notion of accessibility combining not only spatial distribution of urban resources but also people’s place experiences and to explore inequalities in resources accessibility may translate into inequalities in health. Two cities are more specifically studied : Paris and Montreal.

EIGHTIES

Dates: 2016 - ...

Interdisciplinary and international team of researchers created by Thomas Louail in 2015 and founded by the RNSC (national network for complex systems) and the LabEx DynamiTe. The team aims to address quantitative geography issues and theories with massive observational and simulated data.

JournalBase

Dates: 2010 - 2023

JournalBase provides a unique service for identifying national and international non-predatory journals in the social sciences and humanities and for comparing their listings in national and international databases. JB is developed in partnership with the INSHS of the CNRS, the UMR-Géographie-cités and with the support of the TGIR Huma-Num for hosting.

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